Glauber

General Information
Last Name: 
Glauber
Variant Spellings: 
Glauberus
First Name: 
Johann Rudolph
Note on Name: 
Also various other spellings. A full list is in <html><a href>https://data.cerl.org/thesaurus/cnp01875900</a></html>
Gender: 
Male
Exact DOB: 
Friday, April 16, 1604
Approximate DOB: 
1604 Mar 10th
Exact DOD: 
Monday, March 10, 1670
Approximate DOD: 
1604 Mar 16th
Place of Birth: 
Karlstadt
Place of Death: 
Amsterdam
Countries Active In: 
Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
Dutch Republic
Towns and Regions Active In: 
Amsterdam
Giessen
Marburg
Kitzingen
Social History
Social Class: 
Artisanal
Notes on Religion: 
Born Catholic, but some of his children were baptised in the Protestant religion
Education
Education/Training: 
None that is known of
Qualifications: 
Apothecary
Activities and Career
Active in Chemistry: 
Yes
Interested in Chemistry: 
Yes
Published on Chemistry: 
Yes
Interest in Alchemy: 
Yes
Travels: 
After leaving Karlstadt, Glauber claims to have been in Vienna (c. 1625) before travelling to Salzburg to pay his respects to his hero Paracelsus, and going across the Alps to Basel. He apparently travelled to Paris and probably Frankfurt am Main next. Around 1635 he settled to Marburg and Giessen to become Court Apothecary to the Landgrave Georg II of Hessen-Darmstadt (1626-1661). He also married Rebecca Jacobs with whom he had a son, Johann Hermann, who died by 1639. He divorced her for infidelity, though details are scant. Sometime in 1640 he moved to Amsterdam, and quickly married his second wife, Helen Cornelis of Flensburg. He may have lived with Johann Moriaen before settling at a house in Elandsgracht sometime in April-May 1643, where he established his first laboratory. Unhappy with the Amsterdam air, he briefly moved to Utrecht (Aug 1644- c.Mar 1647) and Arnhem (c. Aug 1647-1648). He returned to Amsterdam on several occasions, before leaving the Netherlands in 1650.
Associated Documents and Images: 
Secondary Sources: 
Detailed Reference: 
Chapter on Glauber